Cardamom is an herbaceous perennial plant grown for its fruit.
Cardamom may also be referred to as Green Cardamom, Black Cardamom, Brown Cardamom, Red Cardamom or White Cardamom
It originates from southern India and Sri Lanka.
The world production of cardamom is around 36000 tones /annum.
Major Cardamom growing countries in the world are Guatemala, India, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, El Salvador, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Papua New Guinea.
Major Cardamom growing states in India are Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
Fruits are the most economically important part of Cardamom
Cardamom originates from mountainous forests and can be grown in a variety of soils ranging from forest loam to quartz gravels.
The Cardamom crop thrives well in regions which receive a well-distributed annual rainfall of 1500-2500 mm.
It requires a mean temperature of 15°C to 35°C and 600-1200 m above MSL.
Cardamom grows luxuriantly in forest loam soils, which are generally acidic in nature with a pH range of 5.5-6.5.
|Crop Stage||Products||Dosage||Method Of Application||Benefits|
|Inorganic fertilizer||Geoxol.COM||15 kg / hectare / application with basal fertilizer, if soil organic carbon (more than / equal to 0.5%) and bulk denisty (less than or equal to 1.6 g / cm3)||Soil Application||Rejuvenates soil for sustainable growth of crops|
|Organic fertilizer||Mycoxol4G||500 g / hectare / application, if soil pH (less than / equal to 7.5) and availale P (more than / equal to 15 kg / ha)||Soil Application||Reduces incidence of soil borne diseases, improves availability of phosphorous and other micronutrients|
|Pre-monsoon||PeakMAX||1000 ml / hectare / application||Foliar / Fertigation||Improves vegetative growth and reduces disease pressure|
|Post monsoon||PeakMAX||1000 ml / hectare / application||Foliar / Fertigation||Improves vegetative growth and reduces disease pressure|
|Post monsoon (repeat application)||PeakMAX||1000 ml / hectare / application||Foliar / Fertigation||Improves vegetative growth and reduces disease pressure|
|Pre-flowering||Silixol OSA||1000 ml / hectare / application||Foliar Application||Optimizes source sink relation for better fruit retention|
|Fruit development||Silixol OSA||1000 ml / hectare / application||Foliar Application||Improves quality of fruit and reduces impact due to abiotic stresses|
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