Bitter Gourd is an annual or perennial herb, native to old world tropics.
Bitter Gourd producing countries in the world are India, China, Pakistan, Vietnam, Phillipines, Thailand, Taiwan, Bangladesh, Srilanka, Myanmar, Nepal, Saudi Arabia and Malaysia.
Bitter Gourd producing states in India are Chattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Assam and Telangana.
Chattisgarh is the largest producer of Bitter Gourd in India.
Leaves and Fruits are the most economically important part of Bitter Gourd
Bitter Gourd is a warm season crop grown mainly in sub-tropical and hot-arid regions.
Temperatures ranging from 24°C to 27°C are considered as optimum for the growth of the vines.
The seed germinates best when temperatures are higher than 18°C.
High humidity at the time of vegetative growth renders the crop susceptible to various fungal diseases.
Bitter Gourd can be grown on well drained sandy to sandy loam, medium black soils rich in organic matter.
Alluvial soil along the river beds is also good for production of bitter gourd.
A pH range of 6.0- 7.0 is considered as optimum
|Crop Stage||Products||Dosage||Method Of Application||Benefits|
|Basal fertilizer||Geoxol.COM||15 kg / hectare / application with basal fertilizer, if soil organic carbon (more than / equal to 0.5%) and bulk density (less than or equal to 1.6 g / cm3)||Soil Application||Rejuvenates soil for sustainable growth of crops|
|3 weeks after transplanting / sowing||Mycoxol4G||5 g per liter of water||Soil Drenching||Reduces incidence of soil borne diseases, improves availability of phosphorous and other micronutrients|
|Deficiency of Zinc||Nutrin Zn||1 g per liter of water, repeat if required.||Foliar Application||Corrects Zinc deficiency|
|Deficiency of Iron||Nutrin Fe||1 g per liter of water, repeat if required||Foliar Application||Corrects Iron deficiency|
|Vegetative Growth||PeakMAX||2 ml per liter of water||Foliar Application||Improves vegetative growth and reduces disease pressure|
|Vegetative Growth||Privid||3ml per liter of water||Foliar Application||Promotes vegetative growth|
|Vegetative Growth||Nutrin Combo Liquid||1 ml per liter of water||Foliar Application||Optimizes nutritional status|
|Pre-flowering||Amply5||3 ml per liter of water||Foliar Application||Triggers flowering|
|Fruit Setting||Silixol OSA||2 ml per liter of water||Foliar Application||Improves quality of produce and reduces impact of abiotic stress|
|Fruit development||CalSi-B++||1 g per liter of water||Foliar Application||Corrects nutrient deficiency|
|Fruit development||PeakMAX||2 ml per liter of water||Foliar Application||Reduces disease incidence|
|Vegetative Stage||Biofuze||3 ml / liter of water. - Repeat sprays at a interval of 2-3 weeks as per pest attack||Foliar Application||Reduces population of sucking pests|
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