Makoi is also known as Black Nightshade
It is native to Eurasia and was introduced in America, Australia and South Africa.
Its parts can be toxic to livestocks and human.
Makoi parts are used in traditional medicines
It is an annual weed that grows up to 60 cm tall.
Makoi is cultivated throughout dry parts of India, majorly in Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
The whole Makoi plant is economically important.
Benefits of Makoi:
Makoi is a common herb or short lived perennial shrub
It reaches a height of 30-120 cm
Its Leaves are ovate to heart shaped with wavy or toothed edge with long petiole
Makoi flowers and fruits are arranged in umbelliform
Flowers have greenish to whitish petals, recurved when aged, surrounded by bright yellow anthers.
Makoi fruits are berries which are dull black to purple coloured. In some genotypes, berries when ripe turn red
The major challenges involve Biotic and Abiotic causes.
|Crop Stage||Products||Dosage||Method Of Application||Benefits|
|Inorganic fertilizer||Geoxol.COM||15 kg / hectare / application with basal fertilizer, if soil organic carbon (more than / equal to 0.5%) and bulk denisty (less than or equal to 1.6 g / cm3)||Soil Application||Rejuvenates soil for sustainable growth of crops|
|Organic fertilizer||Mycoxol4G||500 g / hectare / application, if soil pH (less than / equal to 7.5) and available P (more than / equal to 15 kg / ha)||Soil Application||Reduces incidence of soil borne diseases, improves availability of phosphorous and other micronutrients|
|Vegetative||PeakMAX||1000 ml / hectare / application||Foliar Application||Improves vegetative growth and reduces disease pressure|
|Vegetative||Privid||1200 ml / hectare / application||Foliar Application||Promotes vegetative growth|
|Pre flowering||Silixol OSA||1200 ml / hectare / application||Foliar Application||Promotes vegetative growth|
|Pre flowering||PeakMAX||"1000 ml / hectare / application "||Foliar Application||Reduces disease pressure|
|Flowering||Silixol OSA||1000 ml / hectare / application||Foliar Application||Improves accumulation of secondary metabolites|
|Vegetative Stage||Biofuze||3 ml / liter of water - Repeat sprays at a interval of 2-3 weeks as per pest attack||Foliar Application||Reduces population of sucking pests|
Privi House A-71, TTC, Thane - Belapur Road,
Opp. Kopar Khairane Station.
Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, 400709.